A Human Preference Aware Optimization System

Project timeline

October 2019                                                                                                                                           December 2022

October 2019                                December 2022

Industry 4.0 allows companies to gather vast amounts of data about their processes. Modern machine learning techniques make it possible to analyze these data in ever greater detail, optimizing the underlying processes. While efficiency gains are prompting companies across all industries to consider increasing their AI use, this form of analysis also allows employers to assess individual employees’ behavior and productivity in detail.

This raises the specter of massive increases in employer control, eroding the power of workers and employees within enterprises and society and prompting important ethical concerns regarding a loss of autonomy in the workplace. Labor unions, scholars, and various other observers suggest that these ethical concerns can largely be traced back to a key element of (actual or anticipated) use of AI: It seeks to determine how employees might adjust to better serve the process.

In this project, we develop an alternative approach to AI use, which utilizes employee-related process data to develop a human preference-aware optimization system. The human preference-aware optimization system supports employees by assigning tasks related to their past preferences and so promotes their strengths (and possibly increases satisfaction). Such a system would employ AI in data analysis with the objective of optimizing the processes to suit the employees. The envisaged AI optimization system will be trained with process data and should only be capable of assigning suitable tasks in a way that is respectful of individual differences, without actually judging an employee, and can safeguard and maybe even strengthen employee autonomy.

More broadly, this research will result in guidelines for developing AI-systems and integrating them into industrial environments.

For more information check out the project website.

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Principal Investigators


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Johannes Fottner, Department of Mechanical Engineering,  TUM

Prof. Dr. Tim Büthe, Chair of International Relations, TUM School of Governance, TUM


  • Charlotte Haid, M.Sc., Department of Mechanical Engineering, TUM
  • Charlotte Unruh, postdoctoral researcher, TUM